This Anatomy of First Aid: A Case Study Approach has been prepared for the United States Navy to furnish a first aid manual that is anatomically and medically correct. It conveys descriptions in anatomical language and graphic illustrations necessary to perform first aid and to communicate with those providing subsequent medical treatment.
The booklet considers the area being treated and the dangers and pitfalls involved with first aid in the region. It must be remembered by all that this is First Aid – Initial Emergency Care, that may be performed, in the main, by non-medically trained individuals to be followed by definitive professional medical care.
The goal of First Aid is to provide, in so far as readily possible, assistance to the victim and to delay deterioration of the victim’s medical problems. The person providing first aid communicates with, reassures and comforts the victim; prevents or lessens to a minimum blood loss; assesses, restores and assists respiration; stabilizes fractures of bones; reduces possibility of shock; and performs other tasks preparing the patient for definitive professional medical care and advice.
We hope that those who read this booklet would convey to us any errors they may uncover and will offer suggestions for its improvement.